Free Range Library indexes last updated 13:35, 17/04/2018
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UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, 2008
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|Resource title||Responding to the 'Livestock Revolution' – the case for livestock public policies|
|Author(s)||Livestock Policy Brief|
|Publication/ source||UN Food and Agriculture Organisation|
|Summary text/ abstract||Rapid growth in livestock production has great potential to propel sustainable progress on many fronts. It also has great potential to threaten both sustainability and progress. It can contribute to poverty reduction... or erode the opportunities and livelihoods of poor producers. It can enhance nutrient recycling and soil fertility... or degrade soil, pollute water and accelerate global warming. It can improve nutrition and health... or increase the risk of epidemics for both animals and humans. Effective public policies are essential to ensure that livestock contribute to broad development goals and to minimize damage to social equity, the environment and public health.|
|Library categories||Anarchism & Action, Climate Change, Food & Agriculture, Land Rights, Vegans/Vegetarians|
Pollution from industrialized livestock production [277.8 kilobytes]
In recent decades, livestock production has increased rapidly, particularly in the developing world. Most of the increased production comes from industrial farms clustered around major urban centres. Such large concentrations of animals and animal wastes close to dense human population often cause considerable pollution problems. The rapid growth of livestock production highlights the urgent need for effective policies to regulate intensive livestock operations and support environmentally and economically sustainable approaches to handling waste.
Cattle ranching and deforestation [292.4 kilobytes]
Over the past quarter century, forests have been cleared from an area the size of India. Particularly in Central and South America, expansion of pastures for livestock production has been one of the driving forces behind this wholesale destruction. Deforestation causes incalculable environmental damage, releasing billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and driving thousands of species of life to extinction each year. Effective policies are urgently needed to discourage expansion of livestock production in forest areas and promote sustainable grazing systems that will halt the cycle of degradation and abandonment on cleared forest lands.
Livestock Policy and Poverty Reduction [545.1 kilobytes]
The livestock sector has great but untapped potential to contribute to poverty alleviation and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. However, effective and coherent pro-poor public policies, alleviating both institutional and technical constraints, are crucial to capitalise on the pro-poor opportunities offered by the livestock sector.