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Paul Mobbs &
Mobbs' Environmental Investigations –

Work Archive –
Research Reports:

Energy and Environment

I've worked primarily with community groups for many years – mostly in the UK, but also in Eastern Europe, Africa and the Caribbean. The materials produced from that work have relevance not just to the people who commissioned them, but many other communities too. For that reason I maintain an on-line archive of my work.

For details of the licensing restrictions on using these resources, see the Copyright and Sharing page.

Work Archive:
'Reports' Index




Media Coverage





Development Plans







Waste Management



Video and Audio

See also:



Writing, Articles and Books

Energy is at the root of the human system, defining both how economic, social and technical systems function. In the pursuit of ecological sustainability, the issue of energy and environment is at the core of the matters which we must address.

More than any other, energy has been the issue at the heart of my work for the last thirty years – be that nuclear issues, resource depletion and peak oil, or investigating pollution. Ultimately it's the use of energy and resource by society that characterizes society's ecological footprint.

The work below covers a wide range of issues – from fracking to uranium resources.

Energy and Environment Reports

inc image Whitehall's 'Fracking' Science Failure: How the Government has misled Parliament and the public on the climate change impacts of shale oil and gas development in Britain – A report for Talk Fracking


This report seeks to explain how the debate over the gaseous emissions from 'fracking', and their impacts on climate change, has changed over the last few years – and precisely why that debate is critical to how the Whitehall Government has justified, and promoted, onshore oil and gas extraction in Britain.

file icon Original Paul Mobbs/MEI research report
662 kilobytes

file icon Talk Fracking's published version
867 kilobytes

file icon A3 poster summarising the report
1.2 megabytes

inc image Frackademics: A study of the relationships between academia, the fossil fuels industry and public agencies

May 2015

This 'virtual presentation' summarises the "Frackademics" workshop, produced by Paul Mobbs. It expands the content of the original report to look more generally at the issue of fossil fuels funding, and some of the data behind the conclusions of the report. The original study was commissioned by Talk Fracking to map the connections between the fossil fuels industry and academic – concentrating in particular on the relationships to unconventional fossil fuels companies and government agencies.

file icon 'Frackademics' – 'virtual presentation' page

file icon 'Frackademics' – annotated slides from the presentation
1.8 megabytes

file icon 'Frackademics' – slides from the presentation
1.1 megabytes

inc image Fracktured Accountability: A study of political decision-making and unconventional fossil fuel interests in the Coalition Government


'Fractured Accountability' represents the outcome of just over two years research on the the Government's role in promoting unconventional gas and oil in Britain; specifically, whether their actions are 'legal'. More importantly, it is not a report about "fracking" per se, but rather the highly questionable relationships between policy-makers in Government, the industry developing fracking, and the finance and PR industries supporting them.

file icon The 'Fracktured Accountability' web page
This page collects all the 'Fracktured Accountability' resources together within a single page.

file icon 'Fracktured Accountability', the report
This is the detailed report on the the alleged 'misconduct in public office' by ministers in Britain in relation to their policies on unconventional oil and gas development.
2.6 megabytes

file icon The Frackogram 2015
This page outlines, and provides a browser for, the 'Frackogram 2015', an 'organogram' which illustrates the relationships between the government, fracking/fossil fuel companies, finance and academia.

file icon 'Fracktured Accountability', a.k.a, 'The Frackogram'
This poster describes the 'Frackogram', and how it was created. Where the 'frackogram' is reproduced as a large poster, this A3 PDf is desgined to sit alongside to provide a more detailed explanation of the 'organogram'.
3.4 megabytes

file icon 'Arrest the Cabinet'
A video of my efforts to 'arrest the cabinet' for the offence of 'misconduct in a public office', Downing Street, 5th March 2015.

inc image Frackademics: A study of the relationships between academia, the fossil fuels industry and public agencies

February 2015

This study, produced on behalf of 'talk Fracking', examines the relationships between academia, the fossil fuel industry and public bodies – and how these relationships might influence the public debate over "fracking". The purpose of reviewing the connections between different agencies is to understand the nature of the environment which defines and constrains those decisions, and to explain the context within which recent decisions or policies have been framed. It traces the potential mechanisms by which the public debate over unconventional gas and oil may be manipulated, and how that fits in to the Government's promotion of their policies on unconventional gas and oil. In scientific debate, all issues should be open to objective examination.

file icon 'Frackademics' – the report
421 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' – web page

file icon 'Frackademics' case study no.1 – Centres for Doctoral Training (CDTs)
108.9 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' case study no.2 – Academic involvement in shale gas studies
176.2 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' case study 3 – The Mackay-Stone review
146.7 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' case study no.4 – The Science Media Centre
203.8 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' case study no.5 – Guardian Open Letter
158.6 kilobytes

file icon 'Frackademics' case study no.6 – The Task Force on Shale Gas
127.2 kilobytes

inc image An open letter to the Environmental Audit Committee


Following-up my report of December 2014, a letter to the Environmental Audit Committee about the format of the inquiry and the witnesses to be called – questioning whether these represent the grassroots opinion on 'fracking'.

file icon click to download Paul Mobbs/MEI resource
107 kilobytes

inc image The Environmental Risks of 'Fracking' – A submission to the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee Inquiry

December 2014

A submission to the Commons Environmental Audit Committee's inquiry into the environmental impacts of 'fracking'

file icon The Environmental Risks of 'Fracking'
352.6 kilobytes

inc image Extreme Energy and Climate: A critical review of the UK Government's policy on unconventional fossil fuels and climate change

May 2014

This report provides a critical analysis of the evidence supporting Government's recent policy announcements on the issue of 'extreme energy' sources (tight oil and gas, shale gas, coalbed methane and underground coal gasification) in the UK – and the implications that the development of these energy sources may have on climate change. In addition the spreadsheet used to analyse the Mackay-Stone results is available as a native LibreOffice (ODS) file and an exported MS Excel file (XSLX).

file icon Extreme Energy and Climate report
964.4 kilobytes

file icon Mackay-Stone review analysis (LibreOffice Calc file)
38 kilobytes

file icon Mackay-Stone review analysis (MS Excel XML file)
15.9 kilobytes

inc image A critical review of Public Health England's report – "Review of the Potential Public Health Impacts of Exposures to Chemical and Radioactive Pollutants as a Result of Shale Gas Extraction – draft for comment"

April 2014

This report provides a critical analysis of the report produced by Public Health England (PHE) on 31st October 2013 – "Review of the Potential Public Health Impacts of Exposures to Chemical and Radioactive Pollutants as a Result of Shale Gas Extraction – draft for comment".

file icon A critical review of Public Health England's report
951.7 kilobytes

inc image A response to DECC's public consultation on the 14th On-shore Oil and Gas Licensing Round's Strategic Environmental Appraisal

March 2014

This report provides a comprehensive review of the Department of Energy and Climate Change's (DECC) Strategic Environmental Appraisal (SEA) of the 14th On-shore Oil and Gas Licensing Round. It has been produced as part of the public consultation on the SEA, and is intended to provide a technical evaluation of the SEA in the light of the latest global evidence on the impacts of unconventional gas developments. The report has been produced in support of various individuals and small groups around Britain who are concerned by the Government's push to develop various types of extreme energy developments. The specific purpose behind the drafting of this report has been to highlight the areas where the Government's viewpoint/data departs from the growing body of evidence regarding the impacts of unconventional gas technologies.

file icon A response to DECC's 14th Round SEA
439.5 kilobytes

inc image Shale Gas: An Analysis of UK Policy and Cuadrilla Resources Exploration Activities in Lancashire

January 2012

In July I attended the trial of protesters who occupied Cuadrilla Resources drilling rig at Banks near Preston to give evidence on shale gas development in Lancashire. Due to delays with the case coming to court, whilst I wrote this report in January 2012 I couldn't release the text until after the conclusion of the trial. The report looks at shale gas/fracking developments in Lancashire, and the regulatory problems that surround the activities of Cuadrilla and other companies in England and Wales (Scotland takes a slightly different regulatory view of these processes).

file icon Shale Gas in Lancashire report
676.2 kilobytes

inc image Calor Gas Appeal, Canvey Island

September 2007

I represented the local community group in Canvey Island, People Against Methane (PAM), against the proposals by Calor Gas to build a new liquefied gas import terminal right next to the town. In the end Calor withdrew from the appeal before it began, and so the proof was never used

file icon click to download Paul Mobbs/MEI resource
1.7 megabytes

inc image Awel Aman Tawe Wind Farm Public Inquiry

Summer 2006

In 2005/6 I represented a local community group in South Wales who were opposing a wind farm. I took part because, as wind farms go, it was a stupid proposal; but more importantly it would have invalidated the new wind farms planning policy (TAN 8) in Wales. Here's my main proof of evidence and the closing statement.

file icon Proof of evidence
1.7 megabytes

file icon Closing statement
245.9 kilobytes

inc image Keeping the Lights On: Nuclear, Renewables and Climate Change

September 2005

A memorandum for the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee's inquiry, outlining the problems of both peak oil, peak gas and peak uranium as a factor in planning the UK's future energy supplies.

file icon Inquiry memorandum
1.1 megabytes

inc image Uranium Supply and the Nuclear Option

May 2005

Oxford Energy Forum (journal of the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies), May 2005. A short paper on the global availability – past, present and future – of uranium, and the critical limitation that the likely future shortage of uranium represents to the much trumpeted "nuclear renaissance".

file icon click to download Paul Mobbs/MEI resource
22.4 kilobytes

file icon click to download Paul Mobbs/MEI resource
66.8 kilobytes

inc image Turning the World Upside Down

December 2004

Published in The World Today, the journal of the Royal Institute for International Affairs (Chatham House), vol.60 no.12, December 2004. An article I wrote for Chatham House, to which they added the snappy introduction, "Could you live with the same amount of energy now available to those in the third world? A dramatic change such as this is likely within fifty years as present energy sources are used up. So future generations will have to manage with just a third of the energy we use now."

file icon Turning the World Upside Down (HTML version)
15 kilobytes

file icon Turning the World Upside Down (PDF original draft)
127.1 kilobytes

inc image The Sea Empress Spill: The Potential for Human Health Effects

March 1996

A report for Friends of the Earth Cymru on the health hazards of the Sea Empress oil spill. At the time most of the concern was for the physical/amenity impact of the oil spill and not the toxic impacts. This report alerted many of those who were recovering oiled birds at the time without any protective equipment, as well as those living near the coast, as to why they were suffering conditions such as breathing difficulties and skin rashes. Please note that this report has been converted from a now redundant file format and so the pagination has been lost, along with any graphics.

file icon The Sea Empress Spill
109.7 kilobytes